Document Type : Original Article



BACKGROUND: India is a lower middle‑income country with one of the fastest growing economies
in the world. Despite improvements in its economy, it has a high child mortality rate, with significant
differences in child mortality both between and within different states. In this research, we tend to
explore factors as to how a particular child’s growth is optimal. With this aim, we utilized positive
deviance inquiry to study the factors influencing under five child’s health.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This qualitative study was carried out in Naigoan, an urban health
setting of metropolitan city with 37 sample size between July 2020 and September 2020. It consisted
of total 16 in‑depth interviews (IDIs), 3 focus group Discussion (FGDs), and 7 key informant
interviews (KIIs) which were performed by predesigned guides.
RESULTS: Various themes evolved with the interviews; however, triangulation of the concept (from
FGDs, IDIs, and KIIs) occurred with the following themes: satisfaction among mothers for health‑care
services, community participation, family support, and new interventions.
CONCLUSION: Mothers’ satisfaction to health‑care services, community participation, family support,
and innovations by the health‑care providers are the influencing factors in promoting child’s health.
Further research can be conducted to understand the in‑depth understanding of each factor.


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