Document Type : Original Article


1 Health Management and Economics Research Center, Health Management Research Institute, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia

3 associate Professor of Clinical Oncology, Shahid Beheshti Medical University, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Health Information Management, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


The present study aims to systematically review the women’s knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP)
of breast cancer (BC) screening methods to get enough information for policymakers to orient the
screening strategies. All English KAP studies on BC screening methods in five databases up to January
2021 were included. The quality of the final articles was assessed using the STROBE checklist.
The qualitative synthesis was performed. Out of 5574 retrieved articles, 28 were included. About
64% of the articles were of high quality. Overall, there were poor knowledge, negative attitude, and
low practice between women. The educational programs and cultural plans can encourage regular
screening. Women’s excessive optimism to their BC risk should be eliminated by focusing on the
risk of the disease, more.


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