Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Nursing, Yasooj branch, Yasooj Islamic Azad University, Yasooj, Iran

2 Department of Nursing, Islamic Azad University, Zarand Branch, Zarand, Iran

3 Department of Neonatal Intensive Care Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Sirjan University of Medical Sciences, Sirjan, Iran

4 Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran

5 Student Research Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran


BACKGROUND: Taking exercise in health sector is one of the important steps to implement the
disaster risk management programs, especially preparedness phase. The present study aimed to
identify indexes and factors affecting successful evaluation of disasters preparedness exercises in
hot wash stage.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a qualitative content analysis. Data were collected
by purposeful sampling through in‑depth and semi‑structured individual interviews with 25 health
professionals in the field of disasters. The data were analyzed using directed content analysis method
by which the initial codes were extracted after transcribing the recorded interviews and immersing
them in the data analysis. The initial codes were reviewed, classified, and subdivided into several
stages to determine the main classes.
RESULTS: The data analysis resulted in the production of 24 initial codes, 5 subcategories, 2 main
categories of “evaluation and exercise debriefing” and “modification of programs and promotion of
exercise operational functions” under the original theme of “exercise immediate feedback.”
CONCLUSION: This study can be considered a suitable standard guide for health care organizations
to evaluate successfully disasters exercises in hot wash stage, maintain and promote their
preparedness, and properly respond to disasters.


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