Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Social Welfare Management Reseach Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran


BACKGROUND: Investigating the status of intergenerational relationships of elderly parents with
their adult childen is very important in examining issues related to the status of the elderly such
as well being and quality of life and other aspects of elderly life. Giveeen the significance of the
topic, the current study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Persian version of
“Intergenerational Relationship Quality Scale for Aging Parents and Their Children” (IRQS‑AP).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 463 community‑dwelling elders (aged 60 years or older)
in Tehran participated in this study through multistage cluster sampling method. To investigate
reliability, the construct and convergent validity of the IRQS‑AP, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA),
and interclass correlation coefficient were done.
RESULTS: The content validity index was 0.84 for the entire tool. In the CFA, we found the instrument
had a four-factor structure and adequate internal consistency. The scale had a significant and positive
correlation with the two measures of loneliness and depression. Furthermore, Cronbach’s alpha was
estimated at 0.77, and the high value of the interclass correlation was 0.82.
CONCLUSION: The IRQS‑AP is a valid and reliable scale that can be used to examine the status
of intergenerational relationship quality in Iranian elder population.


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