Document Type : Original Article


Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Life Style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Department of Management, Nursing Faculty, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


BACKGROUND: Technical skills result in the patient’s safety. Psychiatric nurses need to learn and
apply them to provide effective and secure cares. This study explains the technical competency
required for postgraduate psychiatric nursing students.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This conventional qualitative content analysis study is part of a larger
study on the clinical competency of postgraduate psychiatric nursing students performed in Iran in
2020. A qualitative study was conducted at universities holding master’s degree courses in psychiatric
nursing. Participants were instructors and postgraduate psychiatric nursing students, psychiatric
nurses, psychologists, and psychiatrists selected by purposeful sampling method. Sampling continued
until data saturation was achieved. Data were collected through a semi‑structured individual interview
and were analyzed by conventional qualitative content analysis.
RESULTS: The “technical competency” has two subcategories of “specialized knowledge” (including
general nursing knowledge, psychiatric nursing knowledge, and basic knowledge of psychology)
and “application of knowledge in practice” (including clinical experience, skills of psychiatric nursing
interventions, educational skills, and research and evidence‑based practice skills).
CONCLUSION: The psychiatric nursing student learns and operates knowledge of psychiatric
nursing, psychology, education, and research, besides improving their knowledge of general nursing.


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