Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor of Neuro‑anaesthesia and Neurocritical Care, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

2 Professor of Epidemiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

3 Associate Professor of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India


BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19) constrained the regular teaching in
educational institutions and hampered the teaching–learning process across the globe. E‑learning
method is widely used in higher education in the current situation. the objective is to assess the beliefs
and expectations of the students on e‑learning among adult learners of a tertiary level health‑care
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single group pre‑post design was adopted. Microsoft Go two‑in‑one
devices were used to find the effectiveness of e‑learning, including digital exam solution. Depending
on the availability of device, 25 participants were selected for the study from three different steams.
A 5‑point Likert scale was used for assessing the quality, adoptability, and acceptance of digital
education developed by the researchers. Chi‑square/Fisher’s exact or McNemar’s test was used to
test the association between independent or related categorical variables. Comparison of the average
score between different courses was performed using the Kruskal–Wallis test.
RESULTS: Twenty‑two participants who completed the final assessment were retained for the
analysis. Majority of the participants believed that e‑learning helps to achieve personal learning
goals or objectives and bridge skill or knowledge gaps and caters to learning preferences.
However, the overall quality score across the study groups was found to be statistically insignificant
(Kruskal–Wallis statistic: 1.26; P value: 0.533).
CONCLUSION: The findings show that the adult learners in higher education, irrespective of their
age differences, believe that intense e‑learning support with Microsoft Go two‑in‑one device has a
complementary effect on their learning outcome.


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