Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Health Education, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,

2 Azna Health Network, Azna Health Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

3 PHd Health Services Management, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


CONTEXT: Quality of life is significant in all stages of life, including within pregnancy. The hormonal,
emotional, psychological, and physical factors specific to pregnancy can affect and threaten the
quality of life of pregnant mothers.
AIMS: This study sought to investigate the health‑related quality of life (HRQoL) and related factors
among pregnant women
SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross‑sectional study was performed on 300 pregnant women who
were in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy without any risk of high‑risk pregnancy covered
by a community health center in Yazd, Iran, between 2018 and 2019.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The required data were collected using demographic questionnaire
and HRQoL (SF‑12v2) questionnaire
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Data were analyzed using SPSS 18 software and ANOVA
statistical tests (P < 0.05).
RESULTS: Physical dimension of quality of life of pregnant women had the mean and standard
deviation of 43.7 ± 7.3 and that psychological dimension had the mean and standard deviation of
31.5 ± 11.8. Physical dimension of quality of life was significantly correlated with maternal age,
gestational age, body mass index before 12 weeks of pregnancy, mother’s education and job as
well as spouse’s level of education (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the psychological dimension of quality
of life was significantly correlated with gestational age, mother’s education and occupation as well
as spouse’s level of education (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: According to the findings, attention to physical and psychological aspects of quality
of life of pregnant women and demographic factors affecting it is essential for improving maternal
and child health during and after pregnancy.


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