Document Type : Original Article


1 Departments of Higher and Medical Education and Student Research Committee, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences

2 Dental Caries Prevention Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran


INTRODUCTION: Considering the importance of the academic level of university graduates in the
advancement of communities, it is necessary to evaluate factors affecting the academic achievements
of university students. Therefore, this study investigated the relationship between religious beliefs and
academic achievements of students in the Dental School in Qazvin University of Medical Sciences.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this correlational study, all the dentistry students in the last 4 years
of education were selected as the study samples. Of 109 students who had the inclusion criteria,
81 (31 males and 50 females) completed the questionnaires. The data collection tools were three
questionnaires, including Gluck–Stark’s questionnaire, two researcher‑made questionnaires on
“sympathy with and responsibility for patients,” and the “self‑satisfaction” questionnaire. Data were
analyzed with descriptive and deductive statistics (t‑test, Friedman test, and Pearson’s correlation
RESULTS: According to the analyses, a significant and positive correlation was found between
religiosity and students’ overall mean grades (r = 0.27, P = 0.016) or “sympathy with and responsibility
for patients” (r = 0.21, P = 0.05). No significant correlation was found between self‑satisfaction and
religious beliefs.
CONCLUSION: Based on the results of the present study, the religious beliefs of the students
were at a moderate level. On the other hand, this variable had a direct relationship with academic
achievement and responsibility. Therefore, attention has to be paid to the promotion of these beliefs
among students in colleges. Reinforcement of religious beliefs will improve the students’ academic
achievement. Based on the findings of this study, it should be considered by university professors
and educational planners that the average score of students with higher religiosity was higher, and
with the increase of religious beliefs, academic achievement is increased.


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