1 Department of Medical‑Surgical Nursing, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Critical Care Nursing, Nursing Care Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Globalization has been attracted by great literature and papers of many disciplines in recent years.
Although globalization has considerable social, political, and economic effects, it has turned to an
important challenge in health‑care systems. Nursing, as the largest part of the health system in
the world, has also been affected by globalization. The purpose of the present paper is to critique
globalization and its impacts on the nursing profession. This review article was conducted by searching
for reliable internet resources in the English language on the impact of globalization on nursing.
Published articles were searched until 2018, and related articles were extracted in three stages:
1‑selection of articles by reading abstract, 2‑selection with an overview of the text, and 3‑selection
with a full review of the article’s text. According to the literature of globalization, we categorize and
discuss the nursing areas that are affected by globalization in nine areas: global nursing development,
nurses emigration,information interchange and interactions in nursing, higher education in nursing,
professional territory, nursing specialization, professional ethics, management and supervision, and
professional independence. The intensity of globalization effects on the nursing profession has not
been the same in all societies, and factors such as compliance of society, culture, and technology
are among the most important factors that affect it. Globalization is an inevitable process and brings
with itself many prominent promotions such as global nursing development and important challenges
such as nursing emigration and ethical issues.


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