Exercise Physiology Research Center, Life Style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


There is growing evidence that the problematic use of mobile phone is an evolving problem. Although
some studies have noted a greater prevalence in the Middle East, intercultural differences have not
been sufficiently studied to date. The present study, therefore, aims at reviewing Iranian published
studies on the problematic use of mobile phone in Iran. This study was conducted as a review study.
For this purpose, we searched all published studies in this field that were conducted in Iran and
reviewed all of the articles by studying the prevalence of the problematic use of cell phone in Iran,
the adopted measuring instruments, the employed terms, predictors of the problematic use of cell
phone, and the consequences of the problematic use of cell phone. After applying the inclusion and
exclusion criteria, 47 articles were selected for evaluation. Among the problematic consequences,
sleep disturbance was the most studied factor. Additionally, gender, feeling of loneliness, attachment
stiles and age were mostly referred to as predictors. In addition, the reported prevalence varied from
0.9% to 64.5%, depending on the studied population and the measuring instruments. The diversity of
reported prevalence rate of problematic use of mobile phone in Iran can be related to the ambiguity
of the concept of “problematic use” and the diversity of the employed measuring tools. Thus, care
should be taken in generalizing and interpreting the results.


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