Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Nursing, Zeynab (P.B.U.H) School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences

2 Department of Nursing, Zeynab (P.B.U.H) School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences

3 Department of Social Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran


BACKGROUND: Dynamic aging depends on providing opportunities to improve the quality of life
of the elderly. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between social support
and quality of life in the elderly in Guilan.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive‑correlational study was conducted in the elderly
who visited urban public places in the East of Guilan (mosques, parks, weekly markets, and clubs).
A total of 168 elderly who met the inclusion criteria were selected through two‑stage, cluster, and
convenience sampling. Data were collected using Phillips Standard 23‑item social support scale
and 12‑item quality of life scale‑short form. Data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential
statistics (Pearson correlation coefficient).
RESULTS: The mean score of social support in the elderly in Guilan was 73.25 ± 9.18 and the mean
quality of life was obtained at 24.67 ± 7.06. Data analysis showed that there was a significant and
positive correlation between social support and quality of life (r = 0.29, P < 0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS: Increased social support leads to a higher quality of life in the elderly. Thus, it is
necessary to timely identify the needs and promote comprehensive social support to improve the
quality of life in the elderly.


1. Rezvani M, Mansouriyan H, Ahmadabadi H, Ahmadabadi F.
Parvai Here‑Dasht SH. An assessment on factors affecting the
quality of life the elderly in rural areas; Case study: Neishabour
county (Persian). J Rural Res 2014;4:301‑26.
2. Shaheen HM, Saleh EA. Comparative study between elderly with
medical problems living in end welling houses and with families
in Banha City. Menoufia Med J 2017;30:44‑50.
3. Ghanbarihashemabadi B, Mojarradkahani A ,
Ghanbarihashemabadi M. The relationship between older
people’s mental health with their family support and psychosocial
well. Being Res Rehabil Sci 2013;8:1123‑31.
4. World Health Organization. 10 Facts on Ageing and the Life
Course. World Health Organization; 2015.
5. World Health Organization. Data and Statistics. URL.
Available from:
g/en/. [Last accessed on 2013 Aug 01].
6. Iranian Statistic Center. Selected Findings of the 2016 National
Population and Housing Census. Iranian Statistic Center
Web Site. Available from:
glish/Population‑and‑Housing‑Censuses. [Last accessed on
2017 Aug 10].
7. Saber M, Nosratabadi M. Social support and health‑related quality
of life in elderly people covered by the Welfare organization of
Kerman city. J Health Develop 2014;3:189‑99.
8. Pernambuco CS, Rodrigues BM, Bezerra JC, Carrielo A,
Fernandes A, Vale R, et al. Quality of life, elderly and physical
activity. Health 2012;4:88‑93.
9. Rimaz S, Abolghasemi J, Seraji S. The relationship of different
dimensions of social support with older adults’ quality of life
in the 8th district of Tehran in 2013. J Educ Community Health
10. Panaghi L, Abarashi Z, Mansoori N, Dehghani M. Quality of life
and related demographic factor of the elderly in Tehran. Iran J
Ageing 2010;4:77‑87.
11. Safavi S. Comparing quality of life, social support and depression
among elderly living at home and nursing home residents. JGN
12. Afzali S. Relationship Between Quality of Life and Perceived Social
Support and Life Expectancy among People with Disabilities and
Amputations. Thesis for the MD Degree. The Islamic University
of Marvdasht; 2012. p. 121.
13. Kasprzak E. Perceived social support and life‑satisfaction. Polish
Psychol Bulletin 2010;41:144‑54.
14. Niknam F, Homayouni A, Mohammadi AK. Relationship among
social support, quality of life and loneliness of the elderly. Int J
Adv Biotechnol Res 2016;7:1365‑73.
15. Zarifnejad G, Saberi Noghabi E, Delshad Noghabi A, Koshyar H.
The Relationship between social support and morale of elderly
people in Mashhad in 2012. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2014;13:3‑12.
16. Larner A, Julayanont P, Phillips N, Chertkow H, Nasreddine Z.
Cognitive Screening Instruments. Switzerland, Springer; 2017.
p. 67‑108.
17. Asl AM, Mehdizadeh M, Roudbari PR, Habibi SA, Khatoon JN,
Taghizadeh G. Reliability and Validity of the Persian version
of the Clock Drawing Test in Iranian Patients with Idiopathic
Parkinson’s Disease. J Clin Phys Res 2018;3:78‑81.
18. Sadeghipour Roodsari M, Akbari Kamrani AA, Foroughan M,
Mohammadi F, Karimloo M. Validity and reliability of the clock
drawing test in older people. Iran J Ageing 2013;8:48‑5.
19. Seyfzadeh A. The relationship between perceived social support
and health in the elderly adults case study: Azarshahr. J Gerontol
20. Soltani T, Morowatisharifabad M, Fallahzadeh H, Jafari A. Social
support and its relation with daily activities among elderly people
of Yazd. J Community Health Res 2015;3:270‑7.
21. Ibrahim N, Din NC, Ahmad M, Ghazali SE, Said Z, Shahar S,
et al. Relationships between social support and depression, and
quality of life of the elderly in a rural community in Malaysia.
Asia‐Pacific Psych 2013;5:59‑66.
22. Ahmad Sharoni SK, Shdaifat EA, Mohd Abd Majid HA,
Shohor NA, Ahmad F, Zakaria Z. Social support and self‑care
activities among the elderly patients with diabetes in Kelantan.
Malays Fam Physician 2015;10:34‑43.
23. Khaje‑Bishak Y, Payahoo L, Pourghasem B, Jafarabadi MA.
Assessing the quality of life in elderly people and related factors
in Tabriz, Iran. J Caring Sci 2014;3:257.
24. Şahin DS, Özer Ö, Yanardağ MZ. Perceived social support, quality
of life and satisfaction with life in elderly people. Educ Gerontol
25. Aryankhesal A, Niknam N, Hasani M, Mengelizadeh N,
Aghaei N, Ghaedchukamei Z, et al. Determining the relationship
between health literacy level and quality of life among the elderly
living in nursing homes. J Educ Health Promot 2019;8:225.
26. Azadi A, Taghineghad H, Azizi M, Mahmodi Y, Jamalaldin H.
Scrutiny the quality of life elderly in Ilam and its related factors
in 2015. Sci J Nurs Midwifery Paramed Fac 2016;2:29‑37.
27. Izadi S, Khamehvar A, Aram SS, Yazdanpanah Nozari A.
Social support and quality of life of elderly people admitted to
rehabilitation centers. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2013;23:101‑9.
28. Miranda LC, Soares SM, Silva PA. Quality of life and associated
factors in elderly people at a Reference Center. Cien Saude Colet
29. Chen Y, Hicks A, While AE. Quality of life and related factors:
A questionnaire survey of older people living alone in Mainland
China. Qual Life Res 2014;23:1593‑602.
30. LaRocca MA, Scogin FR. The Effect of Social Support on Quality
of Life in Older Adults Receiving Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
Clin Gerontol 2015;38:131‑48.
31. Ajh N, Mehrtash B, Javadi A. Effect of education and social
support on quality of life among elderly living in nursing
homes (2010). J Qazvin Univ Med Sci 2012;16:46‑52.