Document Type : Original Article


1 Departments of Otorhinolaryngology and General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences

2 Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Nursing Research Committee of Imam Reza Hospital, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


INTRODUCTION: Psychological factors affect the tendency of individuals toward cosmetic surgeries
although their contribution has not been clearly understood. Therefore, the current study aimed at
comparing the emotional intelligence, body image, and quality of life between rhinoplasty candidates
and the control group.
METHODS: The current case–control study was conducted on 160 individuals referring to
Rhinoplasty Clinic of Imam Reza Hospital in Tabriz, Iran, from 2018 to 2019. The tools used in
this study including demographic information, Schering’s emotional intelligence questionnaire
(α = 0.75–0.85), the 36‑item Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire (α = 0.75), and body
image (α = 0.77–0.91) were used to collect data. Data were analyzed by the Kolmogorov–
Smirnov and t‑tests for the two independent groups. P < 0.05 was considered as the level of
RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of the overall
mean of emotional intelligence and its subcomponents (P > 0.05), except social skills, such as
self‑awareness (P = 0.019). Appearance evaluation and appearance orientation variables were
statistically significant between the two groups (P < 0.05), while the quality of life was not statistically
significant (P = 0.051).
CONCLUSION: In the psychological parameters studied, we found that the appearance evaluation
and social skills of the rhinoplasty applicants are low, and it is better to have interventions before
the rhinoplasty in people who have difficulty with these variables.


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