Document Type : Original Article


Physiotherapist, Himatnagar, Gujarat, India


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative disorder which
primarily affects the articular cartilage of synovial joints followed by bony remodeling and overgrowth
at the margins of these joints. The consequences of OA are pain, joint stiffness, decreased muscle
performance, and decreased aerobic capacity, which eventually affect the quality of life (QOL) and
increased risk for disability. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness
of two nonpharmacological treatment regimens, that is, yoga and conventional physiotherapy, on
QOL in patients suffering from OA of knee joint.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Atotal of 83 patients with bilateral OA of knee joint, between the age group
of 40 and 80 years, both males and females, were assigned into two groups using computer‑generated
scheme: 43 in the experimental group (yoga with conventional physiotherapy program) and 40 in
control group (conventional physiotherapy program). Western Ontario and McMaster Universities OA
index (WOMAC) and Short‑Form 36 (SF‑36) health survey were measured before, after 15 days, and
after 30 days of treatment sessions, and the data were analyzed using paired and unpaired t‑test.
RESULTS: The results of the study show significant improvement in both groups with regard to
WOMAC and SF‑36 at the end of 15 and 30 days of treatment regimen; however, when compared
to the control group, experimental group had more significant improvement (P < 0.05) in WOMAC
and SF‑36 at the end of 15 and 30 days of treatment.
CONCLUSION: Yoga is more beneficial when added to conventional physiotherapy treatment regimen
in promoting health and improving QOL in patients with OA of knee joint.


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