Document Type : Original Article


Substance Abuse Prevention Research Center, Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran


BACKGROUND: In recent decades, the use of psychological methods has been considered to
improve the barriers and challenges of abuse adolescent females. This study focuses on comparing
the efficacy of trauma‑focused cognitive‑behavioral therapy (TF‑CBT) and theory of mind (ToM) on
social competence among abused children.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinical trial was performed with 39 abused children as the subjects
of the study. Participants are residents in Ahvaz (Iran) host‑family centers and were randomly divided
into two groups of experimental subjects and control subjects. The data collection method utilized
the Social Competence Questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, covariance analysis, and Tukey’s post
hoc test were used for the data analysis.
RESULTS: Comparison of the groups showed that the average behavioral and cognitive competence
increased in both TF‑CBT and ToM groups, but the average emotional, social competence is
significantly higher in the ToM group. It is also found that the average social motivational competence
is significantly higher in the TF‑CBT group than in the ToM group.
CONCLUSION: TF‑CBT and ToM can be effectively used to improve the social competence of
abused adolescent females.


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