Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Medical Education, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

2 Medical Education Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Science

3 Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

4 Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Molecular Immunology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 Research Center for Modeling in Health, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

6 Integrative Functional Gastroenterology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran


INTRODUCTION: Internationalization of higher education involves mutual exchanges as well as a
consensus based. Political, economic, sociocultural, and scientific reasons recommend the need to
move toward the internationalization of higher education. The current study highlights the strengths
of the internationalization of Iran’s medical sciences education.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive exploratory study was carried out in 2016–2017 in
Iran. The techniques used for data collection included review of articles, interview with subject experts,
and the focus group and the nominal technique group to explore the views of various stakeholders.
The data were analyzed with the qualitative content analysis method.
RESULTS: The inductive qualitative content analysis of all data generated 13 categories and 88
subcategories. The categories were geographical and geostrategic position of Iran; the historical,
cultural, religious, and tourist attractions of Iran; the security of Iran; priority to internationalization
policies and programs in Iran’s macro plans; the existence of regulations, laws, and approvals for
international activities; same language with neighboring and regional countries; the low cost of
studying and living in Iran; the ability of Iranian faculty members and experts for internationalization;
the background, reputation, and the progress of medical education, health, and care in Iran; the
cheaper forces of Iran and their welcome to foreigners; the existence of motivation, zeal, and belief
for internationalization; the existence of proper infrastructure; and the existence of a suitable capacity
for internationalization.
CONCLUSIONS: Iran has some positive points that can be used to promote international activities,
provided it does some good advertising in this regard. It is suggested that the challenges, opportunities,
and threats to Iran’s internationalization should be collated from the perspective of the various


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