Document Type : Original Article


Department of Management, Faculty of Health, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


INTRODUCTION: One of the psychiatric disorders related to childhood is attention deficit hyperactivity
disorder that can negatively affect the family interactions of these children. Parents of these children,
especially the mother as the main caregiver, need comprehensive training to make a positive difference
in their attitudes and behaviors with these children. The purpose of this study was to investigate the
effect of emotion regulation training on family relationships in hyperactive children.
METHODS: This was a randomized clinical trial study with a control group performed on eighty
mothers of hyperactive children who were selected randomly. The intervention group members
attended emotion regulation skills training sessions for one session of 90 min each week for 8 weeks.
During the training course in the intervention group, the control group did not receive any training.
Data collection tools included demographic information questionnaires, Mother–Child Relationship
Evaluation, and Rahim Organizational Conflict Inventory‑II. Data analysis was performed by
descriptive statistics and the analysis of covariance.
RESULTS: The mean scores of the mother–child relationship in the intervention group
showed a significant improvement in the subscales of acceptance, overprotection, facilitation,
and rejection (P  <  0.0001). The results of this research also showed improvements in all the
five communication styles of integrating, avoiding, compromising, obliging (P  <  0.0001), and
dominating (P < 0.012) between spouses.
CONCLUSION: It seems that the emotion regulation training approach in mothers with hyperactive
children improved both the mother–child relationship and the interactive spousal styles and can be
considered by the managers of treatment and rehabilitation field as an adjunctive therapy for the
families of these children.


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