Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Dental Surgery, Ranchi Institute of Neuro‑Psychiatry and Allied Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

2 Public Health Dentistry

3 Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge

4 Conservative Dentistry and  Endodontics, Rama Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh


BACKGROUND: Dental education can be a critical wellspring of stress among dental students,
and studies have observed higher levels of stress among dental students than in the all‑inclusive
community. The present study aims to evaluate the perceived stress among dental undergraduate
students, the sources of stress, and an association of perceived stress with sociodemographic
characteristics and various stressors.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross‑sectional study was conducted among 380 undergraduate
dental students (from 1st year to final year) in a private dental college, Kanpur. A self‑administered
questionnaire was used to collect data regarding sociodemographic profile, perceived stress using
Perceived Stress Scale‑14, and academic, psychosocial, and environmental stressors. Data were
analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics‑Version 21 (IBM Corp. Released 2012. IBM SPSS Statistics
for Windows, Version 21.0, Armonk, NY, USA: IBM Corp.).
RESULTS: The mean perceived stress score was 30.25 ± 1.914. The median perceived stress score
was 30. Statistically significant (P < 0.001) values were found for higher age group and year of studying
Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) were important sociodemographic determinant of stress. Vastness
of academic curricula, frequency of examination (P < 0.05), and fear of failure/poor performance
in examinations were important academic determinants of stress. High parental expectations and
family problems were important psychosocial stressors. Accommodation away from home was an
important predictor of stress (P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: This study revealed that there are various sociodemographic (age and year of study
in BDS), academic (curricula, frequency of examination, and performance level) determinants and
predictors of stress (type of accommodation), along with psychosocial stressors (parental expectation
and family problems). Dental colleges should develop stress management programs to promote
gender and social equity and strategies to improve psychological support services. The stress
management programs reported either helped to reduce the number of stressors or enhance stress
coping skills, using relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, yoga, and stress management


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