1 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran

2 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydarieh, Iran, Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

3 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran

4 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Bam University of Medical Sciences, Bam, Iran


BACKGROUND: The quality of life (QOL) is essential in all different stages of life; however, It is
more important for older people as it can be effective in promoting their health. Therefore, the present
study aimed to review the literature on the QOL in the Iranian elderly population.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out as a systematic review. For this purpose,
all databases were searched in March 2021. The keywords used for the search were “quality of life,
elderly, older adults, aging, seniors, and Iran” along with the Persian equivalents. PRISMA protocol
was used to screen articles. After removing duplicate and irrelevant items, two evaluators appraised
the articles separately based on a researcher‑made checklist derived from the SBEM and STROBE
Statement standard checklists.
RESULTS: The initial search yielded 3734 studies on the QOL in the Iranian elderly population. After
screening and assessing the studies based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, 22 articles remained in
the study. Most of the studies (cross‑sectional) were conducted in Tehran using a 36‑item Short‑Form
Health Survey to assess the QOL. The studies investigated sociodemographic determinants, physical
and health‑related behaviors, and spirituality and psychological determinants of the QOL. The
sociodemographic determinants were the most common factors under study. The results showed
that the role of gender and socioeconomic status was the strongest among the sociodemographic
characteristics. A significant association was found between the QOL in the Iranian elderly population
and factors such as depression and religious confrontation.
CONCLUSION: In addition to chronic diseases, diseases of the oral and dental, as well as an
unhealthy diet, should be considered in the elderly. Therefore, attention should be paid to all social,
physical, and psychological variables that affect the QOL of older people.


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