Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3 Department of Midwifery, Midwifery Faculty, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran


BACKGROUND: Domestic violence against women is a global problem that can lead to many
negative consequences on physical, mental, and social health that various sociocultural causes play
a role in its occurrence in different societies. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the
causes and type of violence against spouses in married men in Kerman.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross‑sectional study was performed in 2018. The study was
conducted on 400 married men who experienced violence against their wives. Sampling was a
multistage cluster sampling method. The data collection tool was a questionnaire on violence against
women. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, one‑way analysis of variance (ANOVA),
and two‑variate analysis.
RESULTS: The results of the data showed that the highest rate of violence in the group of housewives
was related to physical violence and in the group of women living in dormitories and pregnant women
was related to verbal violence. The results of data analysis with a one‑way ANOVA test showed
that between the three groups, all dimensions of violence and the overall score of violence had
significant changes (P < 0.05). The results of the two‑variate analysis test showed that there was a
significant relationship between the variables of age, duration of marriage, male education, spouse
education, type of marriage, male job, and spouse job with the overall score of violence in all three
groups (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: According to the results of the present study, it seems that the empowerment of
women in all dimensions to improve and promote health to deal with domestic violence is essential.
As a result, the relevant measures should be taken by the support systems taking into account the
circumstances of the individuals.


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