Document Type : Original Article


1 1 Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Psychiatric Nursing and Management, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Labbafinezhad Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QOL) is one of the effective factors in promoting the health of diabetic
patients. In recent years, the role of peer support in the optimal management of diabetes has gained
increasing attention. However, contradictory results have been reported from the effectiveness of
this method. This study aimed to investigate the effect of peer support on the QOL among type 2
diabetic patients in deprived areas.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a randomized clinical trial conducted on 80 patients
with T2D referring to the diabetes Clinic in Aligoudarz in Iran. Participants were randomly assigned
into two groups of 40 patients. Intervention group received a peer Supportive‑educational program
for 3 months and the control group received routine clinic care. Diabetes QOL brief clinical inventory
was used to collect the data. This questionnaire was completed three times at the beginning of the
study, immediately after the 3‑day training, and after 3 months of peer supportive intervention. The
SPSS software (v. 18.0) was used to analyze the data through the Generalized Estimating Equations.
RESULTS: There was no significant difference in mean QOL between the two groups before the
intervention (P = 0.891) and immediately after the education (P = 0.076). However, after 3 months
of intervention, the intervention group showed a significant improvement in mean QOL compared to
those in the control group (P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: Peer support program can improve the QOL in type 2 diabetic patients in deprived
areas. Therefore, this method can be recommended to improve care and educational programs in
these patients.


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