Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Nursing, School of Clinical Medicine, Oba Okunade Sijuade College of Health Sciences, Igbinedion University, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria

2 Babcock University School of Nursing, Ilishan Remo, Ogun State

3 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin-City, Edo State, Nigeria


BACKGROUND: Absenteeism is a situation whereby students absence themselves from clinical
posting without good reason, this incidence among student nurses contributed a significant problem
that if not addressed will adversely affect the quality of nursing care; therefore, motivation of student
during clinical posting found to be an important ingredient needed in eradicating absenteeism.
Consequently, this study aims to determine the reasons why student nurses absenting themselves
from clinical posting, its effect and how clinical instructor can motivate student nurses since they are
the first role models and have a significant impact in their skill development.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive, quantitative design was used to elicit the information
from a sample of 80 nurses and 80 students’ nurses. Nurses: 25 medical surgical ward, 23 surgical
ward, 17 obstetrics and gynecology ward, 15 theaters, and 80 student nurses, statistically drawn
through a stratified sampling technique across the wards and school of nursing. Data collected were
analyzed using tables, percentages, means, and standard deviation at 0.05 level of significance
through the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software.
RESULTS: The student participants reported that non conducive working environment, working
in infectious ward without adequate protection, noncooperation from clinical instructor, excessive
number of clinical hours, embarrassment faced in front of patients and other medical personnel, lack
of prompt medical treatment and care when sick, too much workload, and other number of clinical
assignments as a major reason why they absenting themselves from clinical posting. The effect of
student absenteeism and how students can be motivated is identified in this study.
CONCLUSION: Reported factors leading to absenteeism among nursing students and identified
motivating care should be handled carefully by the hospital managers to produce better health-care
delivery’ nurses in future.


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