Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacy and Community, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

2 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muhammadiyah East Kalimantan, Samarinda, Indonesia

3 Department of Pharmacy,School of Health Science Bani Saleh, Bekasi, Indonesia

4 Medicine Faculty,Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta,Indonesia


BACKGROUND: Increasing community awareness about the transmission and treatment of
COVID‑19 will stop the spread of the virus. Pharmacy students are the potential facilitator to give
community education about COVID‑19 treatment. The objective of this study is to evaluate the
pharmacy students’ knowledge of COVID‑19 treatment, behavior, and attitude of providing the
information about COVID‑19 treatment.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted cross‑sectional study, recruiting 429 pharmacy
students from three schools of pharmacy in Indonesia. The questionnaire about the knowledge of
COVID‑19 treatment, behavior, and attitude of providing the information on COVID‑19 treatment met
the validity and reliability criteria. We defined the proportion of knowledge, behavior, and attitude of
the students using SPSS® version 22.
RESULTS: Most of the students are in the earlier years (46.63%), female (84.15%), find the information
about COVID‑19 from many sources of media (85.08%) including scientific articles and know
information about COVID‑19 transmission around their life area (76.46%). The students’ knowledge
about antiviral and plasma convalescent is good (>70%), the positive behaviors are related to the
COVID‑19 treatment information regarding to the antiviral and the provision of Vitamin C (>50%), and
the positive attitude are related to giving information about the use of avigan®, plasma convalescent,
chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, and immunomodulator (>50%).
CONCLUSIONS: As a future pharmacist, the knowledge of pharmacy students about COVID‑19
treatment needs to be improved since earlier years. Furthermore, using the good knowledge about
COVID‑19 treatment, the positive behavior and attitude of providing information of the students, the
community behavior and attitude will be improved. The high year students have a tendency for the
good knowledge and positive behavior and attitude of providing the information.


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