Document Type : Original Article


Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Medical Faculty, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran


BACKGROUND: Young people’s attitudes toward marriage have been undergone changes in
recent years and it seems to be contradicting in the struggle between conservative and modern
liberal attitudes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the attitude of new grooms toward intact
hymen in Kerman.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross‑sectional study has been conducted on 790 new grooms
in Kerman, Iran. In this study, we examined the attitudes in two aspects of sexual norm and personal
attitude toward premarital relationships in new grooms. The sampling method was purposive sampling
and the data were analyzed using t‑test and analysis of variance.
RESULTS: The results of this study have showed a more conservative sexual attitude toward
the sexual norms of premarital sex. The average score of the participants in the sexual norm and
personal attitude was, respectively 15.86 and 48.15, indicating that their conservative views have
been overcome. Most of the samples (90%) have believed in required preserving virginity before
marriage, and 82% believed in virginity as the most valuable asset of the girls. In this study, the
conservative attitudes of men were inversely related with their age and were directly related with
perceived sexual norm and the level of affinity to religious affairs.
CONCLUSION: According to the results of this study, conservative attitudes toward premarital
relationships are predominating in new grooms, but this is not generalized. The conservative attitude
of new grooms may have harmful effects on their interpersonal behaviors after marriage, which
requires purposeful training.


1. Farahani FK, Shah I, Cleland J, Mohammadi MR. Adolescent
males and young females in Tehran: Differing perspectives,
behaviors and needs for reproductive health and implications for
gender sensitive interventions. J Reprod Infertil 2012;13:101‑10.
2. Honarvar B, Salehi F, Barfi R, Asadi Z, Honarvar H, Odoomi N,
et al. Attitudes toward and experience of singles with premarital
sex: A population‑based study in Shiraz, Southern Iran. Arch Sex
Behav 2016;45:395‑402.
3. Eich T. A tiny membrane defending ‘us’ against ‘them’: Arabic
internet debate about hymenorraphy in Sunni Islamic law. Cult
Health Sex 2010;12:755‑69.
4. Farahani FK, Cleland J, Mehryar AH. Correlates and determinants
of reproductive behavior among female university students in
Tehran. J Reprod Infertil 2012;13:39‑51.
5. Ahmadi A. Recreating virginity in Iran: Hymenoplasty as a form
of resistance. Med Anthropol Q 2016;30:222‑37.
6. Robatjazi M, Simbar M, Nahidi F, Gharehdaghi J, Emamhadi M,
Vedadhir AA, et al. Virginity testing beyond a medical
examination. Glob J Health Sci 2015;8:152‑64.
7. Majumdar C. Attitudes towards premarital sex in India:
Traditionalism and cultural change. Sex Cult 2018;22:614‑31.
8. Khalajabadi Farahani F, Cleland J. Perceived norms of premarital
heterosexual relationships and sexuality among female college
students in Tehran. Cult Health Sex 2015;17:700‑17.
9. Farahani FK, Cleland J, Mehryar AH. Associations between
family factors and premarital heterosexual relationships among
female college students in Tehran. Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health
10. Erickson PI, Badiane L, Singer M. The social context and meaning
of virginity loss among African American and Puerto Rican young
adults in Hartford. Med Anthropol Q 2013;27:313‑29.
11. Khozan S. Perception of virginity testing in South Africa. Cult
Health Sex 2013;12:101‑5.
12. Motamedi M, Merghati‑Khoei E, Shahbazi M, Rahimi‑Naghani S,
Salehi M, Karimi M, et al. Paradoxical attitudes toward premarital
dating and sexual encounters in Tehran, Iran: A cross‑sectional
study. Reprod Health 2016;13:102.
13. Christianson M, Eriksson C. A girl thing: Perceptions concerning
the word “hymen” among young Swedish women and men.
J Midwifery Womens Health 2011;56:167‑72.
14. Cinthio H. “You go home and tell that to my dad!” Conflicting
claims and understandings on hymen and virginity. Sex Cult
15. Odeh LA. Honor killings and the construction of gender in Arab
societies. Am J Comp Law 2010;58:911‑52.
16. Salameh HO, Salameh RJ, Shwaiki M, Abder‑Rahman H. Forensic
medical aspects of femicide in Jordan. J Forensic Leg Med
17. Gholipour HF, Farzanegan MR. Marriage crisis and housing
costs: Empirical evidence from provinces of Iran. J Policy Model
18. Merghati Khoei E, Ziaei T, Salehi M, Farajzadegan Z.
Comprehensive view of the human mating process among young
couples in Isfahan‑Iran: An explanatory mixed‑method study.
Iran Red Crescent Med J 2013;15:e10445.
19. Awwad J, Nassar A, Usta I, Shaya M, Younes Z, Ghazeeri G.
Attitudes of lebanese university students towards surgical hymen
reconstruction. Arch Sex Behav 2013;42:1627‑35.
20. ShiraziKK, MorowatisharifabadMA. Religiosity and determinants
of safe sex in Iranian non‑medical male students. J Relig Health
21. Eşsizoğlu A, Yasan A, Yildirim EA, Gurgen F, Ozkan M. Double
standard for traditional value of virginity and premarital
sexuality in Turkey: A university students case. Women Health
22. Sarookhani B, Sedaghati Fard M. The generation gap in Iranian
families: Views and insights. J Soc Sci 2010;3:7‑31.
23. Khalajabadi Farahani F, Khoei E, Mohammad K. Meta analysis
of premarital heterosexual relationships among young people
in Iran over the past 15 years (2001‑2015). J Fam Res 2015;
24. PowwattanaA. Sexual behavior model among young Thai women
living in slums in Bangkok, Thailand. Asia Pac J Public Health
25. Rexvid D, Schlytter A. Heroes, hymen and honour: A study of the
character of attitude change among male youth with their roots
in an honour‑based context. Rev Eur Stud 2012;4:22.
26. Smith TW, Son J. Trends in Public Attitudes About Sexual
Morality. 1st ed. Chicago, Illinois, U.S: NORC at the University
of Chicago; 2013.
27. Twenge JM, Sherman RA, Wells BE. Changes in American
adults’ sexual behavior and attitudes, 1972‑2012. Arch Sex Behav
28. Faghihi A, Shokouhi YM, Parand A. Sexual education of children
and adolescents based on islamic view and psychological studies.
J Islam Educ 2008;3:51‑80.