Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Health in Disaster and Emergencies, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, International Campus (IUMS-IC), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Candidate in Health in Disasters and Emergencies, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Health in Disaster and Emergency, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran


Introduction: Today, the role of people in crisis management plans is of particular importance due
to the prepared community approach. It is difficult or impossible to attract public involvement due
to the low level of public perception of risk. Therefore, it is necessary to discover the status of risk
perception and its affecting factors. This study was conducted to investigate factors affecting the
strategies of disaster risk perception improvement.
Materials and Methods: This systematic review study was conducted in 2017 using extensive
electronic and library literature searches in the Web of Science, Scopus, and PubMed electronic
databases. The preliminary findings included 1030 studies. Out of 941 retrieved references, 925
references were excluded because they did not meet the objectives of this review or did not focus
directly on general population. Finally, 16 articles were selected for further investigation.
Results: The extracted variables were divided into four general domains: personal, psychological,
socioeconomic, and cultural factors. Personal characteristics included sex, age, marriage, level of
education, personal knowledge, and disaster personal experience. Psychological factors comprised
emotions (fear and insecurity), mental images (beliefs, attitudes), and internal and external control.
Cultural factors such as, belief, values, norms, faith, religious, and protective spirit were effective in
general perception of disasters risk. Socioeconomic factors such as, income, livelihood, insurance
coverage, trust, and fair access to land and resources were also influential. The strategies to improve
public disaster risk perception were educational, participatory, incentive, confidence building,
supportive, managerial and cultural ones. A family‑centered approach is recommended for the better
implementation of strategies.
Conclusion: The improvement of risk perception requires government planning in different fields
such as education, research, health, and culture, with an emphasis on social groups especially family.


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