Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan,

2 Department of Medicine, Aziz Fatimah Hospital and Medical College, Faisalabad, Pakistan

3 Department of Pathology, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan


BACKGROUND: Online learning (OLL) methodology has been incorporated in higher education
extensively on the mount over the last few decades and with the onset of COVID‑19 situation, the
virtual method in academia became essential. After observing worldly destructions and death due
to coronavirus, the WHO declared a high alert emergency, and since Pakistan started to follow
lockdown since March 2020 to prevent high penetration and consequently, the online teaching method
was adapted to keep the learning atmosphere alive. The study is aimed to identify the influencing
factors and compliance for the implementation of the OLL system in COVID‑19 and, in the future,
nonpandemic state as well.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study is designed to observe the adaptability and hurdles
among pharmacy students, and for the purpose of the study, a questionnaire on the Likert scale was
developed and asked to respond from pharmacy undergraduate and postgraduate students after
taking consensus, which further analyzed through IBM SPSS Statistics Version 26.
RESULTS: The outcomes of the study were analyzed with a high level of conformity; however, the
gender‑based reservations were observed, and moreover, merits of OLL were observed with high
CONCLUSION: The adaptation of OLL, though proved as the only troubleshooter in an uncontrollable
situation and enabled universities, professors, and students for patience, resilience, and hopefully,
will serve as swift safeguard for future challenges of epidemic and pandemic disasters. According
to the evolution theory, brain adaptability and plasticity of human organisms grow the capacity to
adjust itself with an advanced characteristic.


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