Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Orthodontics, Patna Dental College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India

2 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Patna Dental College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India

3 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Adesh Institute of Research and Dental Sciences, Bathinda, Punjab, India,

4 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sathyabama Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

5 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Hi Tech Dental College and Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India


BACKGROUND: The psychological impact of anxiety, stress, and depression among health care
and nonhealth‑care professionals in India contribute significantly to the global burden of mental
illness in the world. Impaired mental health and stress influence the efficiency and productivity of
work. Long‑term professional stress among individuals can lead to chronic illness, increased blood
pressure, and many systemic disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of
anxiety, stress, and depression among the health care and nonhealth‑care professionals in India.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective survey‑based study included 200 study
participants (80 nonhealth care and 120 health‑care workers) who were asked to submit their
feedback and opinion on a questionnaire survey. Depression, stress, and anxiety were scored as
per patient health questionnaire‑4 and UCLA scale. The reliability of questionnaires was assessed
using the Cronbach’s alpha (r = 0.90). The statistical analysis was done using the Chi‑square test.
RESULTS: Higher prevalence ratio of anxiety, depression, and stress was observed among nonhealth
care compared to health‑care professionals.
CONCLUSION: Psychological disturbances were found to be higher among nonmedical when
compared to health‑care workers or professionals. Thus, psychological counseling is required to
manage the stress levels in both health care and nonhealth‑care professionals.


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