Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Management and Health Information Technology, School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences,

2 Department of Management and Health Information Technology, School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Health Information Technology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Population aging is a phenomenon expanding around the world and will be increase the incidence
of chronic diseases and health costs. This study was conducted according to the preferred reporting
items for systematic reviews and meta‑analyses (PRISMA). A comprehensive literature search was
performed on 4 databases (Web of Science, PubMed, Science Direct, and ProQuest) for English
language studies from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2019. The keywords used to extract relevant
contents were “e‑health,” “Elderly care,” “Self‑care,” “challenge,” “Opportunity” etc., The search
strategy led to a total of 638 potentially relevant papers, of which 19 papers met the inclusion criteria.
The results showed that the challenges of using mobile health in elderly self‑care can be divided into
technical, human and managerial challenges. The resulting opportunities include reducing health care
costs; no need to visit verbal and remote access to elderly information. The use of mobile health in
the elderly has advantages and disadvantages. One of the advantages of that is improving physical
activity and reducing care costs, but it may break the privacy. The disadvantages of that can be
resolved by educating the elder men.


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