Document Type : Original Article


Instructor in Biostatistics, Department of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


CONTEXT: In recent years, the media have had very massive effects on individuals, especially
children and adolescents. Hence, they should be able to use media rationally also be able to create
digital, multimedia texts, and attain media literacy. Media literacy is a skill based on understanding
and gives the audience the opportunity to use the media appropriately and critically.
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between media literacy and mental
psychology of high school students in Semirom city.
SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This correlational study was conducted with the participation of 139
adolescent girls selected using multi‑stage random sampling, in Semirom city, Isfahan province,
the Central of Iran, in 2017.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data were measured using researcher‑made media literacy
questionnaire, psychological well‑being Scales of Ryff.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Data were analyzed using SPSS software and descriptive
statistics (Pearson correlations) were used. The statistical significant level was set as 0.05.
RESULTS: There was no significant correlation between family economic situation, parental
education, and media literacy score. Media literacy was significantly correlated with total psychological
well‑being (r = 0.165, P <   0.05), personal growth subscale (r = 0.216, P < 0.05), and self‑acceptance
subscale (r = 0.218, P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the importance of psychological well‑being in adolescents’ life, the
design of educational interventions to increase media literacy is recommended.


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