Document Type : Original Article


1 Farabi Medical Center

2 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: This study aimed to define the efficacy of a nursing care educational workshop
on nurses’ knowledge and attitude until 3 months after holding the workshop in psychiatric
wards of educational hospitals in Isfahan. Materials and Methods: This is a quasi‑experimental
study. The study population comprised all nurses working in psychiatric wards of Nour and
Farabi hospitals in Isfahan in 2012. An educational workshop was held through educational
sessions in the form of lectures and group discussion in the two above‑mentioned hospitals.
Nurses’ level of knowledge and attitude were investigated by a researcher‑made questionnaire
before, immediately after, and 3 months after intervention. Data were analyzed by descriptive
statistical tests of repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni. Results: A significant increase
was observed in mean scores of nurses’ knowledge immediately after and 3 months after
education compared to before education. Nurses’ knowledge mean scores increased from
59.2 ± 14.8 before education to 88.6 ± 8.4 immediately after and to 71 ± 9.8 3 months
after (P ≤ 0.016). There was no significant difference in mean scores of nurses’ attitude in
the three above‑mentioned time points. Conclusion: Educational sessions notably affected
the promotion of nurses’ knowledge. With regard to nurses’ satisfaction with the workshop
that was held, designing and organizing educational workshops based on constant needs
assessment is suggested for promotion of nursing cares.


1. Phillips JL, Piza M, Ingham J. Continuing professional development
programmers for rural nurses involved in palliative care delivery:
An integrative review. Nurse Educ Today 2012; 32:385‑92.
2. Griscti O, Jacono J. Effectiveness of continuing education
programmers in nursing: Literature review. J Adv Nurs 2006;
3. Gillis DA. Nursing management: A system approach. 3rd ed.
Philadelphia: WB Saunders Company; 1998.
4. Patelarou E, Vardavas CI, Ntzilepi P, Sourtzi P. Nursing education
and practice in a changing environment: The case of Greece.
Nurse Educ Today 2009; 29:840‑4.
5. Ibrahim SA, Mehran SM. Attributes of nursing staff Development
in Port Said Hospitals. J Nurses Staff Dev 2010; 26:E6‑13.
6. Hayajneh F. Attitudes of professional Jordanian nurses toward
continuing education. J Contin Educ Nurs 2009; 40:43‑8.
7. Borimnejad L. Nikbakht Nasrabadi AR. Mohammadi H. The
effect of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Workshop on Nurses’
SustainedLearning. Iran J Med Educ 2008;7:209-15.
8. Baghcheghi N, Koohestani HR. The effect of education through
workshop on nursing students’ rapid and sustained learning
regarding infused drug calculating skills. Strides in Development
of Medical Education 2010;7:75‑8.
9. Mamishi N. Behroozishad F. Mohagheghi MA. Eftekhar Z.
Shahabi Z. The study of nurses’ knowledge and attitudes regarding
cancer pain management. Hayat 2006;12:23‑32.
10. Mohammadi GH. Ebrahimian A. Mahmoudi H. Evaluating the
knowledge of intensive care unit nursing staffs. Iran J Crit Nurs
11. Philips JM. Strategies for active learning in online continuing
education. J Contin Educ Nurs 2005;36:77‑83.
12. Aminoroaia M, Attari A, Maracy MR, Hadipour K, Omranifard V.
Assessment of educational needs of nurses working in psychiatric
wards of hospitals in Isfahan, Iran. J Res Behav Sci 2013;10:133-43.
13. Sullivan EJ, Decker P, Effective Leadership and management in
nursing. 6th ed. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall; 2005.
14. Fanian N, Mehrabi T. The psychiatric team’s experience with team
working in the psychiatric wards. J Res Behav Sci 2008;6:129-36.
15. Teymoorzadeh E, Rashidian A, Arab M, Akbari Sari A, Ghasemi M.
Ezposure to psychological violence among the nursing staff in
a large teaching hospital in Tehran. Public Health Sci J Sch Inst
Public Health Res 2009;7:41-9.
16. Ghalje M, Chaljae F, Mazlum A. Association between clinical
competency and patient’s satisfaction from nursing care. Journal
of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical
Sciences and Health Services 2009;18:12‑9.
17. Pasyar N, Gholamzadeh S. Effect of education on nurses’ knowledge
and performance regarding AIDS in emergency departments of
hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical sciences (SUMS).
Iran J Nurs Res 2009;412,1381-90.
18. Abbaszadeh A, Sabeghi H, Heidary A, Borhani F. Assessment of
the Effect of Continuing Education Program on Nurse’s Knowledge,
Attitude and Performance about Documentation. Evid Based Care
19. Huang J, Jiang D, Wang X, Liu Y, Fennie K, Burgess J, et al. Changing
knowledge, behavior, and practice related to universal precautions
among hospital nurses in China. J Contin Educ Nurs 2002;33:217‑24.
20. Karimi MH, Taheri N, Behnam Voshani HR, Vaghee S. The effect
of communication skills training on the quality of nursing care of
patients. Evid Based Care 2013;2:37-46.
21. Brown RF, Bylund CL, Kline N, De La Cruz A, Solan J, Kelvin J, et al.
Identifying and responding to depression in adult cancer patients:
Evaluating the efficacy of a pilot communication skills training
program for oncology nurses. Cancer Nurs 2009;32:E1‑7.
22. Dadgari A, Kasaeian A, Dadvar L, Kalatejari M, Rezaee M, Mirzaee M.
Effects of education on nurses’ knowledge and skill in drug dosage
calculation. Knowl Health 2012;7:20-6.
23. MehdiPur R.R, Jamshidi N, Soltani NA, Sabzevari S. Effects of Nurse
Education on both patients’ satisfaction of teaching patients, and
Nurses’ Knowledge, Attitude and Performance in Intensive Care
Unit of Teaching Hospitals. Iranian J Health and Care 2011;13:30-7.
24. Zarei S, Taghdisi MH, Solhi M, Tehrani H, Shojayizade D. The Effect
of Educational Intervention Based on BASNEF Model to Improve
Interpersonal Communication Skills of Nurses. J Med Sci Alborz
25. Abaszadeh MM, Nikbakht Nasrabadi A, Vaskoui Eshkevari KH.
Assessing educational needs of nurse mangers affiliated to state
hospitals. Iran J Nurs Res 2010;4:16-24.
26. Fitzpatrick JJ. Who should teach advanced practice nursing? Nurs
Educ Perspect 2002;23:277.
27. Potter PA, Perry AG. Basic nursing Potter Perry. 7th ed. Philadelphia:
Elsevier Mosby; 2009. p.112‑20.
28. Brady D, Hyde A. Certificate‑trained staff nurses’ perceptions of the
changes in nursing education in Ireland from certificate to diploma
level. J Contin Educ Nurs 2002;33:231‑7.
29. Simpson AE, Emmerson WB, Frost A, Powell JL. “GP Psych
Opinion”: Evaluation of a psychiatric consultation service. Med J
Aust 2005;183:87‑90.