Document Type : Original Article


1 Health Information Technology Research Center

2 Research Institute of Shakhespajouh

3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Introduction: Bibliotherapy is a supplement, simple, inexpensive and readily available
method to treat the diseases that is performed with cooperation of librarians and
psychologists or doctors. The aim of this study is the investigation of group bibliotherapy’s
effect on the self‑esteem of the female students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Living in Dormitory in 2012. Materials and Methods: The present study is an interventional
semi‑experimental study with pre test and post test and control group. The statistical
population of study consisted of 32 female students who reside in Isfahan University
of Medical Sciences dormitories which control and case groups and the students were
divided randomly between these two groups. Data was collected by Cooper Smith
Self‑esteem questionnaire scale (Cronbach’s alpha: 0.85). Two groups were examined
by the questionnaire in pre test. Case group received group bibliotherapy for 2 month
(8 sessions of 2 hours), while the control group received no training at all. Then, 2 groups
were assessed in post test after 1 month. Descriptive statistics (means and frequencies
distribution) and inferential statistics (independent t‑ test, paired t‑ test and mann whitney)
were used and data was analyzed by SPSS20 software. Results: The findings showed that
group bibliotherapy had positive and significant effect on general, family, professional and
total self esteem of female students living in dormitories, but it had no effect on their social
self esteem. Conclusion: Group bibliotherapy can increase female students’ self‑esteem
levels. On the other hand, conducting these studies not only can improve mental health of
people, but can also improve their reading habits.


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