Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Statistic and Epidemiology, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan

2 Department of Public Health, School of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran


Background: Sedentary life has been recognized as a serious problem in today’s
Iranian society. Promoting the lifestyle with increased physical activity and prevention of
cardiovascular disease (CVD) is imperative. The purpose of this study was identifying the
determinants of physical activity in the housewives of Nain city in 2012 based on the theory
of planned behavior. Materials and Methods: In this cross‑sectional study, 120 housewives
were selected by simple random sampling method. Data collection tool was a questionnaire
designed based on a standardized and fabricated questionnaire and consisted of four parts.
The questionnaire included awareness variables, theory of structures, planned behavior,
and physical activity. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS software version 18
and associated statistical tests. Findings: The 120 housewives under study had a mean
age of 34.58 ± 6.86 years. The mean scores of awareness, attitude, motivation to perform,
subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control variables were 74.1 ± 18.5, 82.6 ± 12.1,
59.4 ± 21.7, 63.2 ± 21.2, and 48.1 ± 12.9 respectively. There was a significant relationship
between the motivation for physical activity among women and knowledge (P = 0.02)
attitude (P = 0.04) subjective norms (P = 0.002) perceived behavioral control (P = 0.001),
and physical activity (P = 0.04). Conclusions: It seems that the housewives, despite being
aware of and having a positive attitude on the benefits of physical activity, had a poor
lifestyle. Perhaps further studies can help in finding the causes of this issue and the barriers
to physical activity such as the conditions and plan for greater measures for improving
physical activity, in order to promote women’s health which has a significant role in family
and community health.


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