Document Type : Original Article


Hasheminejad Clinical Research Development Center, Hasheminejad Hospital, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess dietary habits and related factors
among type 2 diabetic mellitus patients for designing an effective nutrition intervention.
Materials and Methods: A descriptive–analytical study was performed on 480 diabetic
patients referred to four selected teaching hospitals affiliated to the Tehran University of Medical
Sciences (TUMS) in Tehran for a period of nine months in 2012. Patients’ dietary habits were
measured by a 51-item self-report instrument with four general questions about dietary habits
and four subscales reflecting domains including general diabetes information (12 items),
planning, shopping for, and preparing meals (6 items), eating meals (17 items), and family
influence on dietary habits (12 items). The collected data was analyzed by using SPSS
software version 11.5. Results were considered significant at a conventional P < 0.05 level.
Results: Mean age of the participants was 59.96 ± 11.53 years. Mean scores in the domains
were (53.72 ± 19.83), (57.31 ± 23.82), (52.27 ± 12.13), and (64.72 ± 14.3), respectively.
Family influence on dietary habits was highlighted as the most important domain in the dietary
habits instrument. Study results revealed that there was a significant association between
the four domains and socioeconomic and some variables related to dietary habits such
as dietary self-management, planned healthy lifestyle and attending diabetes educational
programs. Discussion: The important role of family on dietary habits among type 2 diabetic
patients highlighted the role of perceived social support from the family. The results of the
sociodemographic variables stressed the necessity of tailoring specific intervention programs


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