Document Type : Original Article


Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: World Health Organization findings shows that up to year 2020 the number
of fatality due to driving accidents will increases up to 65%, which is 80% is in developing
countries. Iran has one of the highest rates of road traffic accident mortality rate in the world.
Materials and Methods: The cross-sectional study was carried out in the center and west of
Iran upon 540 ordinary and taxi drivers who were driving regularly from bus terminals and the
travel agencies to other cities. Data collection tool is a questionnaire that measuring driving
risk taking by two items of risky driving behaviors and risk taking attitudes. Findings: The
results of this study showed that the averages of risk driving behaviors scores were higher
than the average of risk taking attitudes scores. The results of logistic regression test showed
that the risky driving behaviors can be a predictor of driving accidents due to individuals’ risk
taking (P = 0.014). Among all these variables, attitude toward rule violations and speeding,
aggressive driving and violation of the road laws respectively are important predictive of drivers’
risk taking (P < 0.0010). Discussion and Conclusion: Although attitude toward risk taking
has been located at a low level by different ways, a desired result was not obtained from the
reduction of those high risky behaviors; in fact, high-rate of accidents and traffic incidence in
Iran indicates this matter well.


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