Document Type : Original Article


Food Security Research Center and Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: Nowadays, obesity is considered a worldwide problem. Although genetics is
one of the factors associated with obesity, its predisposing factors include nutritional and
environmental factors. Several studies have addressed the relationship between nutritional
factors and general and central adiposity. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine
the relationship between the consumption of dairy products and prevalence of obesity and
central obesity in young female university students at the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 236 healthy female
university students in the age range of 18 and 30 years who were selected randomly from
among the students at the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. A previously validated
semiquantitative food questionnaire was used to assess their entire dietary component intake.
Physical activity was evaluated by recording daily physical activities. Findings: The prevalence
of obesity, central adiposity, and excess weight was 1.7, 0.9, and 8.1%, respectively. The mean
values of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference were 21.54 kg/m2
 and 70.37 cm,
respectively. Moreover, the mean value of dairy product consumption was 444.24 g/day. The
results showed no significant relationship between dairy or calcium intake and weight and waist
circumference as well as prevalence of obesity, central adiposity, and excess weight (P>0.05).
Conclusion: There was no significant relationship between the consumption of dairy products
and calcium intake and excess weight, obesity, and central adiposity among female university
students. However, this study is important in that the prevalence of obesity, central adiposity,
and excess weight along with the mean values of BMI and waist circumference are reported.


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