Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Educational Administration, School of Educational Management, Farhangian University, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Physiology

3 Department of Physical Educaion, School of Management and Medical Information, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences


Background: Today, social capital is a need in the society. Also, leisure time and physical
activities are among the most important productive sources of social capital, which have
been realized recently. This study aims to find the relationship between social capital and
physical leisure time of the faculty members of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences.
Materials and Methods: A descriptive correlation method was used in this study. Two
questionnaires were used for data collection. Social capital questionnaire is based on SCAT
Model. Also, leisure time questionnaire was made by the researcher for which face and content
validity was verified by experts. Reliability coefficients by using Cronbach’s alpha coefficients
were calculated as 0.92 and 0.82, respectively. Sample population was calculated by Cochran’s
formula, and 150 people were selected as the sample using multiple cluster sampling by taking
the sex and college into consideration as the variables. Findings: According to the findings,
there was a direct relationship between a combination of social capital parameters (including
commitment, attitude, trust, participation, mutual relationship, social norm, and unity) and
the way of spending physical leisure time (R = 0.659, P = 0.000). Among the parameters,
“commitment” was significant with a beta coefficient B = 0.293 and P = 0.044 and social norms
was significant with a beta coefficient B = 0.196 and P = 0.047, but the rest of the factors
were not significant. Conclusion: Playing sport and doing physical activities in the leisure time
and also taking part in group activities and their membership provide a situation for people
to respect the group interests through communication. Such activities can cause the level of
social capital and its factors to be increased.


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