1 Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Isfahan Neuroscience Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences,


Background: Mindfulness may be conceptualized as a dispositional trait which differs
across individuals, so this study was, therefore, designed to determine the survey of
mindfulness in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and its association with attachment style.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross‑sectional study which was conducted in Kashani
Hospital affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2013. Samples were 210
adult patients who suffered from MS completed demographic and disease characteristics
questionnaire, Five Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire and adult attachment style. The SPSS
version 16 software was used to conduct statistical tests including t‑test, NOVA, and Pearson
correlation. Results: The means of age and duration of illness were (33/96 ± 9/5) years
and (24/3 ± 6/3) month, respectively. Most patients were married (66/1%), without university
education (62/8%) and with incomes suffice (63%). The majority of the patients had received
beta‑interferon (55/4%) as their main treatment. The mean ± standard deviation attachment
style and mindfulness were 25/6 ± 11/6 and 79/8 ± 25/6, respectively. Furthermore, there
was a significant negative correlation between the attachment style score and mindfulness
score (P = 0.001, r = −0.32). Conclusion: The result shows that stronger association between
mindfulness and attachment can reflect the beneficial effects of mindfulness interventions
on both mindfulness and attachment and it can provide some evidence that mindfulness
interventions may enhance secure attachment.


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