1 Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

2 Medical Education Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran


Background: Self‑efficacy is the most influential among factors affecting nurses’ performance.
Yet, understanding of the constituent elements of the caring self‑efficacy concept was not
considered. This study was to introduce altruism as one of the main aspects of caring
self‑efficacy in pediatric nurses. Materials and Methods: This is part of a larger study on the
concept of caring self‑efficacy conducted with qualitative content analysis approach in Iran.
Participants included 27 clinical pediatric nurses and instructors, selected purposively. Data were
collected using semi‑structured interviews and analyzed using conventional content analysis
method. Results: Theme “altruism” as one of the main themes extracted from the analysis of
the interviews in this study. This theme includes two main categories of “humanistic care” and
“caring attitude.” Conclusions: This paper introduces altruism as one of the values aspects of
caring self‑efficacy in pediatric nurses. Efficient nurse with features Humanistic care, through
the provision of maternal care and family‑centered care and caring attitudes resulting from
religious beliefs and loving children to care for the children.


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