Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: The medical and nonmedical care of patients is the necessary skills in nursing
profession. That it needs proper knowledge and attitude. Hence, it is important to promote
nurses’ knowledge and attitude by education based on need assessment. This study aimed to
define the efficacy of a medical and nonmedical intervention educational workshop on nurses’
knowledge and attitude until 3 months after holding the workshop in psychiatric wards of
educational hospitals in Isfahan. Materials and Methods: This is a quasi‑experimental study.
The study population comprised all nurses working in psychiatric wards of Nour and Farabi
Hospitals (64) in Isfahan in 2012. An educational workshop was held through educational
sessions in the form of lectures and group discussion in two above‑mentioned hospitals.
Nurses’ level of knowledge and attitude were investigated by a researcher made questionnaire
before, immediately after and 3 months after intervention. Data were analyzed by descriptive
statistical tests of repeated measure ANOVA and Bonferroni. Results: A significant increase was
observed in mean scores of nurses’ knowledge immediately after and 3 months after education
compared to before education (P < 0.001). Also, the mean of attitude score in 3 phases have
significant different (P < 0.009). Nurses have the high satisfaction (86.3%) of need assessment
based education workshop. Moreover, it is effective in the science information revival of nurses.
Conclusion: Educational sessions notably affected the promotion of nurses’ knowledge and
attitude. With regard to nurses’ satisfaction with the workshop which was held, designing and
organizing educational workshops based on constant needs assessment is suggested for the
promotion of nursing cares.


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