Department of Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Context: Successful aging is a pattern of aging that has gained much attention during recent
years. One factor that has a negative impact on successful aging variables is hypertension. The
phenomenon of aging when accompanied with hypertension promotes spiritual needs. The aim
of this study was to examine the effect of the Islamic spiritual program on successful aging in
elderly patients with hypertension who were referred to health centers of Isfahan, Iran, in 2014.
Settings and Design: This study was a randomized clinical trial. Materials and Methods: The
participants (52 elderly patients with hypertension) were randomly divided into experimental
and control groups. While the control group received training related to health promotion, the
Islamic spiritual program was implemented in the experimental group for eight sessions in two
health centers of Isfahan. The data collection tools consisted of the 12‑item General Health
Questionnaire developed by Goldberg and the satisfaction with life scale developed by Diener.
The questionnaires were completed in three steps; pretest, posttest, and follow‑up (1‑month).
Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software version 20
and Chi‑square, independent t‑test, and repeated measures ANOVA. Results: Statistical tests
showed that the mean score of general health and life satisfaction of the experiment group had
a meaningful difference from that of the control group in the posttest stage (P < 0.001). This
difference was also meaningful in the follow‑up stage (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The results of the
study indicated the effectiveness of an Islamic spiritual program on successful aging variables.


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