1 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health,

2 Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine,

3 The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran

4 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health


Background: Women and mothers are the most important educational audience to convey
health teachings. This study was aimed to evaluate the knowledge level of different types
of health violations of food production, distribution, sale centers and public places; and
authorities investigating the violations among women referring to health care centers in Bushehr.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive‑analytical study, which was done cross‑sectionally,
600 women who were referred to health care centers affiliated to the Bushehr University of
Medical Sciences was selected by convenience sampling. Two‑part questionnaire was used
to collect data: demographic information and a researcher‑designed knowledge survey
questionnaire consisted of 25 questions with Cronbach’s alpha = 0.7. Data were analyzed
with the software SPSS version 13; using Chi‑square test and Phi and Cramer test. P ≤ 0.05
was considered to be statistically significant. Results: The findings showed that 56.9% and
26.5% of women had good and moderate knowledge levels regarding health violations,
while the general knowledge level of authorities investigating health violations were at the
moderate level among 57.3% and at the good level among 15.3% of women. Overall, there
was a significant relationship between education level and the women’s knowledge level of
health violations (P < 0.0001). The relationship between the women’s education level and
authorities investigating health violations was not significant (P = 0.073). Conclusion: Applying
interventional methods of education in health violations to the women by health centers can
elevate the level of health knowledge among them.


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