1 Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Science, Yazd, Iran

2 Environmental Science and Technology Research Center, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

3 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Research Center for Nursing and Midwifery Care in Family Health,Shahid Sadughi University of Medical Science, Yazd, Iran,

4 Department of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran,

5 Center for Healthcare Data Modeling, Departments of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, ShahidSadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

6 Department of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran


BACKGROUND: Strategic management of the wastage produced due to earthquakes has faced
many challenges over the recent decade. Thus, the present study seeks to identify and explain the
challenges in earthquake wastage strategic management.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present qualitative study has been steered through a content
analysis approach and conducted using semi‑structured interviews and a purposive selection of 17
professors, experts, and managers experienced in the field of waste management in Kermanshah
and Varzaghan‑Ahar earthquakes over 2020‑2021. Besides, the interviews were initially categorized
using MAXQDA18 software.
RESULTS: Analysis of the experiences and perception regarding the changes in strategic
management of wastage produced due to Kermanshah and Varzaghan‑Ahar earthquakes revealed
418 codes, 97 subcategories, 33 categories, and 8 main categories including management and
leadership, organizational culture, planning, organizational learning, employee management, rules
and regulations, resource management, and procedure management.
CONCLUSION: Strategic waste management has not been implemented in a coherent, integrated,
and well‑planned manner in the cases of the Kermanshah and Varzaghan‑Ahar earthquakes. The
challenges of strategic waste management turned out to be due to various reasons which will result
in many issues in achieving the goals and selecting the suitable method for resource and procedure
management should they not be managed well. Hence, policymakers, managers, and executors in
the field of crisis management and waste management in disasters ‑specifically earthquakes‑ must
take the necessary measures to remove these barriers.


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