1 Academic Deparment, Universidad Privada del Norte, Lima, Perú

2 Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias Biomédicas (INICIB), Universidad Ricardo Palma, Lima, Perú, Instituto de Investigaciones Clínicas, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú,

3 Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias Biomédicas (INICIB), Universidad Ricardo Palma, Lima, Perú

4 Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú


BACKGROUND: Research in universities requires systematic and participatory processes that
integrate teachers, contents, strategies and tools, and students and their own interests. Therefore,
the main objective of this study was to establish the relationship between the perception of the
teaching‑learning process (TLP) and the attitude toward scientific research among midwifery students.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive cross‑sectional study, conducted on 250 students from
second to fourth year of study selected by convenience sampling. The data were collected with two
self‑administered Likert‑type scales that were validated in content and construct, both with high
reliability. Descriptive statistics were carried out; the Spearman correlation test was used prior to
the application of the Kolmogorov–Smirnov test and Kendall’s tau‑b test.
RESULTS: The favorable perception of the TLP was greater among second‑year students (42.6%),
in addition, 15.2% agreed that the advice of teachers contributes to the elaboration of the research
protocol. The attitude of indifference toward research was more frequent in third‑year students (58.2%)
and 28.4% were deemed in disagreement to be able to identify and operationalize the variables. In
the analysis of dimensions, the role of the student had a moderate relationship with the research
design (rho = 0.536; P < 0.001), while a weak relationship was demonstrated between media and
techniques with ethical and scientific value (rho = 0.104; P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: The TLP perceived by midwifery students and their attitudes toward scientific research
had a direct and significant correlation. The proportion of students with favorable perception was
greater among those with a favorable attitude.


1. Lavalle C, de Nicolas VL. Peru and its new challenge in
higher education: Towards a research university. PloS one
2. Gutiérrez IR, Peralta H, Fuentes HC. Integration of research and
teaching in medical universities. Educ Méd 2019;20:49‑54.
3. Huang Q, Yue Z, Lin J, Zhang Y, Yuan S, Zhuang Q, et al. The
effect and influence of undergraduate research on medical
undergraduates in China. Biochem Molec Biol Educ 2019;47:41‑50.
4. Hopkins L, Hampton BS, Abbott JF, Buery‑Joyner SD, Craig LB,
Dalrymple JL, et al. To the point: Medical education, technology,
and the millennial learner. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2018;218:188‑92.
5. Ochoa‑Vigo K, Bello C, Villanueva ME, Ruiz‑Garay MI,
Manrique GA. Perception and attitudes of the nursing students
on their training in research. Rev Med Hered 2016;27:201‑15.
6. Mercado M. Attitudes toward research by students of Human
Medicine course in the Universidad Peruana Los Andes. Educ
Méd 2019;20(Suppl 1):95‑8.
7. Kennedy JP, Quinn F, Taylor N. The school science attitude
survey: A new instrument for measuring attitudes towards school
science. Int J Res Method Educ 2016;39:422‑45.
8. Pallamparthy S, Basavareddy A. Knowledge, attitude, practice,
and barriers toward research among medical students:
A cross‑sectional questionnaire‑based survey. Perspect Clinical
Res 2019;10:73‑8.
9. Corrales‑Reyes IE, Dorta‑Contreras AJ. Students’ scientific
production: A proposal to encourage it. Medwave 2019;18:e7166.
10. Furaikh SA, Omairi BA, Ganapathy T. A cross‑sectional survey on
nursing students’ attitude towards research. J Health Specialties
11. Amoo TB, Gbadamosi O. Nursing and midwifery students’  attitudes towards research: a descriptive study. Asian J Nurs
Educ Res 2021;11:375‑80.
12. Ramsay A, Wicking K, Yqates K. In what ways does online
teaching create a positive attitude towards research in
nursing students studying a first year evidence‑based practice
undergraduate subject online? Nurse Educ Pract 2020;44.102744.
13. Ünver S, Semerci R, Özkan ZK, Avcibşi İ. Attitude of nursing
students toward scientific research: A cross‑sectional study in
turkey. J Nurs Res 2018;26:356‑61.
14. Mendoza‑Arana PJ. Research on medical education at San
Fernando Faculty of Medicine: A systematic perpective. An Fac
Med 2012;73:55‑61.
15. Barja‑OreJ, Otoya‑Petit Ó, Vega‑GonzalesEO, Moreno‑GutierrezN,
Loli RA. Attitudes towards the investigation of rotating obstetrics
inmates in a Lima‑Peru hospital. Rev Fac Med Hum 2019;19:53‑9.
16. Imafuku R, Saiki T, Kawakami C, Suzuki Y. How do students’
perceptions of research and approaches to learning change in
undergraduate research? Int J Med Educ 2015:6:47‑55.
17. Turk T, Al Saadi T, Alkhatib M, Hanafi I, Alahdab F, Firwana B,
et al. Attitudes, barriers, and practices toward research and
publication among medical students at the University of
Damascus, Syria. Avicenna J Med 2018;8:24‑33.
18. Kyaw Soe HH, Than NN, Lwin H, Nu M, Phyu KL, Abas AL.
Knowledge, attitudes, and barriers toward research: The
perspectives of undergraduate medical and dental students.
J Educ Health Promot 2018;7:23.
19. Debasish L, Vasudevan K, Dhasaram P, Mathiyalagen P.
Sensitizing the medical undergraduates to qualitative research:
In the context of experiential learning debriefings. J Educ Health
Promot 2022;11:130. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_807_21.
20. Bihari A, Choudhari SG, Srivastava A. Effectiveness of
problem‑based learning approach for teaching‑learning
biostatistics among medical students. J Educ Health Promot
21. Funston G, Piper RJ, Connell C, Foden P, Young AM, O’Neill P.
Medical student perceptions of research and research‑orientated
careers: An international questionnaire study. Med Teach
22. Al‑Hilali SM, Al‑Kahtani E, Zaman B, Khandekar R, Al‑Shahri A,
Edward DP. Attitudes of Saudi Arabian undergraduate medical
students towards health research. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J
23. Chellaiyan VG, Manoharan A, Jasmine M, Liaquathali F. Medical
research: Perception and barriers to its practice among medical
school students of Chennai. J Educ Health Promot 2019;8:134.
24. El Achi D, Al Hakim L, Makki M, Mokaddem, M, Khali PA,
Kaafarani BR, et al. Perception, attitude, practice and barriers
towards medical research among undergraduate students. BMC
Med Educ 2020;20:195.