Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India

2 Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India


BACKGROUND: Online teaching has been practiced after lockdown due to Coronavirus Disease 
2019 (COVID‑19) pandemic which has replaced conventional classroom teaching. The aim of the 
present study was to know the perceptions regarding online learning as perceived by both teachers 
and students during COVID‑19 pandemic.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was cross‑sectional and questionnaire‑based. 
Web‑based respondent‑driven sampling technique was used to recruit participants for the present 
study. Three hundred and thirty‑two students and 130 teachers of varying ages and gender participated 
in the study. The link of web‑based questionnaire was sent to respondents through WhatsApp/
Facebook. Responses from all the participants were tabulated and analyzed using univariate 
analysis (Chi‑square test).
RESULTS: Prerecorded lectures (38.9%) and Webinar apps (35/8%) were the most common 
modules of online teaching by students. One‑third (34.3%) had the convenience to attend lectures 
from home whereas 44.3% had difficulty in concentration. Commonly cited disadvantage by students 
was inability to do practical work (37.9%). Regarding teaching faculty, 43.8% had no prior knowledge 
of online teaching. Sixty percent of teachers had 4 h/week of online teaching. No face‑to‑face 
interaction (67.7%) and internet issues (26.9%) were commonly stated barriers by faculty.
CONCLUSION: The pandemic has pushed the teachers and students toward newer teaching avenues. 
However, more needs to be done to supplement the existent teaching pattern and preparedness of 
teaching faculty by incorporating online assignments and assessment methods, strengthening digital 
infrastructure in medical schools, and training support for teachers.


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