Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


BACKGROUND: Pregnancy causes a set of complex physiological and psychological changes that 
affect marital relationships. Mindfulness is a form of meditation that can promote person’s performance 
and perception of sexual relationships. The present study aimed to determine the effect of mindfulness 
on sexual desire and sexual satisfaction in primigravida pregnant women.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study is a quasi‑experimental that has investigated 
on 72 primigravida pregnant women. The samples were selected randomly and assigned to 
experimental and control groups. The experimental group received six 90‑min sessions of mindfulness 
intervention, and the control group received the educational pamphlet. The female sexual function 
index (FSFI) was filled by the subjects of the two groups in three stages of before the intervention, a
week, and a month after the intervention. Data analysis was done by SPSS20 (Statistics 20 software;
SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) at the significance level of 0.05.
RESULTS: According to the statistical tests, there was no significant difference between the two
groups in terms of demographic characteristics and pregnancy information. The findings suggest
no significant difference between the mean pretest and posttest score of sexual desire in the two
groups (P > 0.05). However, the two groups were significantly different in terms of the mean score
of sexual satisfaction before and after the intervention (P<0.05).
CONCLUSION: By increasing the concentration on the present moment and avoiding judgment,
mindfulness can increase sexual satisfaction. However, sexual desire can be affected by various
factors such as the cultural context, the quality of marital relationships, and the pregnancy hormonal 
changes that can influence the sexual response.


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