Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medical, Islamic Azad University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran

2 Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

3 Department of Sports Physiology, School of Spor


BACKGROUND: Social participation and group interaction are the basic and expected indicators of
serving in the job of the faculty. Some improvements are needed for universities and professors in
this area, which they can be better identified by studying the main beneficiaries. In this regard, this
study was aimed to identify strategies to increase social capital and interaction of medical universities’
faculty members.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This qualitative study which was a qualitative content analysis type
was performed on 22 faculty members of Isfahan, Mashhad, Tabriz, Iran, Army, Shahrekord, Sabzevar,
Arak, and Khomein universities through semi‑structured interviews and purposive sampling. Data
were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.
RESULTS: According to finding, in order to improve the social interactions of medical universities’ faculty
members, there were 2 factors and 8 main categories including organizational factors (“organizational
dynamics,” “organizational security,” “standardization of selection and evaluation,” “value creation,”
and “establishing a compensation system”) and individual social factors (“education and social
programs,” “personal skills and beliefs promotion,” and “personality and learning”).
CONCLUSIONS: The obtained strategies in this study to improve social capital and group interactions
and group participation of medical universities’ faculty members can be planned and implemented
by managers and can be used for faculty members themselves.


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