Document Type : Original Article


Department of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Mahidol University, Thailand


BACKGROUND: Psychological well‑being is an important part that undergraduate students and
universities cannot neglect as it helps students lead a better study life at the university. Various
studies revealed that social support can affect students’ psychological well‑being. However, the causal
relationship between social support and psychological well‑being has received little attention in North
China. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to analyze the causal relationship between social
support and psychological well‑being among undergraduate students in North China.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The survey approach was adopted and conducted with a total of 689
undergraduate students in North China. Data were collected using a reliable questionnaire. Data
analysis was performed with descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation, and structural equation
modeling at P < 0.01 significance level using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and
Linear Structural Relations (LISREL).
RESULTS: The overall levels of social support and psychological well‑being among undergraduate
students in North China were high. All observed variables in this study were significantly correlated.
The findings also confirmed that the causal relationship between social support and undergraduate
students’ psychological well‑being in North China fitted to the empirical data well (χ2 [22, N = 689]
= 27.69, χ2
/degree of freedom [df] = 1.26, P = 0.19, goodness of fit index [GFI] = 0.99, adjusted
goodness of fit index [AGFI] = 0.98, comparative fit index [CFI] = 1.00, standardized root mean square
residual [SRMR] = 0.02, root mean square error of approximation [RMSEA] = 0.02).
CONCLUSIONS: Undergraduate students’ psychological well‑being had been significantly affected
by social support in North China. The findings from the current study will be useful for university
administrators to develop strategies for the enhancement of undergraduate students’ psychological


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