Document Type : Original Article


1 Hospital Central de la Cruz Roja San José y Santa Adela, Madrid, Spain

2 Department of Nursing, University of Huelva, Huelva, Spain

3 Distrito Huelva-Costa, Consejería de Salud, Junta de Andalucía, Huelva, Spain


BACKGROUND: Social networks are integrated in our lives and, amongst other functions, they
are a means of dissemination. There are numerous social network accounts dedicated to health
that could be used as an educational resource. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of
accounts dedicated to health in different social networks, assessing their content and didactic and
technological effectiveness and accessibility.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational cross‑sectional descriptive study in which an
analysis of social networks related to health was carried out from April to June 2021 in Spain.
Twenty‑eight accounts were analysed using a mixed qualitative‑quantitative methodology.
Content analysis of the speeches disseminated through the selected accounts was performed.
In addition, the quality of the accounts was assessed with the Instrumento de Evaluación
de Recursos Educativos Digitales (#IE_RED) (Digital Educational Resources Evaluation
Instrument [#IE_RED]).
RESULTS: Four categories were identified according to the content: student‑focused profiles, specific
professionals’ profiles, current health issues and profiles promoting a healthy lifestyle. In addition, the
quality of the accounts obtained a score that indicates they meet the requirements to be validated
as a good educational digital resource but could be improved. Instagram social network accounts
and those managed by nurses scored significantly higher.
CONCLUSIONS: The analysed accounts were revealed as a quality tool for health dissemination,
with varied content and applicable to teaching. Their use could be applied both to the training of
health professionals and to the promotion of the population’s health.


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