Document Type : Original Article


1 Research Center for Emergency and Disaster Health, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Health in Emergencies and Disasters, Health Management and Economics Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

3 Health Management and Economics Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

4 Department of Surgery, School of Medicine Craniofacial and Cleft Research Center, Imam Hossein Children Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


BACKGROUND AND AIM: Earthquake is a natural disaster severely affecting the societies’ health,
hygiene, and welfare as such the most effective method to respond to its damages is to develop a
readiness plan. This study aimed to discover thematic patterns and co‑author relationships extracted
from relevant publications to plan an earthquake response.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive–analytical study adopted the scientometric approach
and used word co‑occurrence and social network analysis. The published articles indexed in PubMed
were retrieved from 1970 to 2021 using a combination of keywords “earthquake and response.” The
data were analyzed in VOSviewer, UCINET, and NetDraw software.
RESULTS: The following six thematic clusters with a social map were extracted: Initial response of
the healthcare system, response to probabilistic risks after the hazard, response to mental health and
community resilience, response to public health, response to post‑traumatic stress disorders, and
staff’s response to the needs assessment and continuity of diagnostic treatment services. Moreover,
social network analysis revealed the great impact of Japanese and Chinese authors and institutes.
CONCLUSION: The present study detected many gaps in the literature on earthquake response,
which can contribute to developing a general framework to prepare integrated healthcare earthquake
response plans to promote the performance of this system.


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