Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Student Research Committee, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Medicine, School Of Medical Science, Student Research Committee, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran


BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of coronavirus disease‑2019 (COVID‑19) has a lot of stress on
medical students. This study was conducted to investigating the adaptation strategy with COVID‑19
health anxiety in nursing students
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was designed as a cross‑sectional study. Participants
of the study were 431 students of the Nursing and Midwifery Faculty of Shahid Beheshti University
of Medical Sciences. Inclusion criteria were studying at the time of the outbreak of COVID‑19 and
willingness to participate in the study. Data collection tools included participated in the study. Data
collection tools included a demographic questionnaire, Health Anxiety and Coping Inventory for
Stressful Situations (Short Form). Reliability of tools was assessed and confirmed with Cronbach’s
alpha coefficient. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of health anxiety was 0.76 and Cronbach’s alpha
coefficient of Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations was 0.79. Data were collected between July
2020 and September 2020. Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used to examine the relationship
between the data. Data were analyzed with SPSS 26.
RESULTS: Findings indicated that most of the participants were female, single, 22–28 years old, and
undergraduate students. The mean of COVID‑19 health anxiety was 5.59 ± 17.04. Results showed
that 19.58 ± 5.05 of the participants used avoidance‑focused adaptation strategies, 25.12 ± 3.88
problem‑focused adaptation strategies, and 19.32 ± 5.13 emotion‑focused adaptation strategies.
CONCLUSION: The COVID‑19 health anxiety was higher in female, young, and married students.
The problem‑focused adaptation strategy should be further taught so that students can better coping
with COVID‑19 health anxiety.


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