Document Type : Original Article


Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India


BACKGROUND: Better preventive care is a prerequisite to foster community health and in reducing
the unnecessary burden on the health‑care system. The Unani System of Medicine has given due
emphasis on preventive care. This article aims to discuss the health promotion and disease prevention
approaches in Unani Medicine.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A manual literature survey of classical Unani texts such as
Firdaus‑al‑hikmat, Al Qanoon‑fit‑tib, Kitab‑al‑mansoori, Kitab‑al‑kulliyat, and Kitab‑al‑taisir was
conducted to collect the information available on the strategic approaches of health promotion and
disease prevention in Unani Medicine. To obtain the appropriate English equivalent words for Unani
terms and the scientific name of the drugs, “Standard Unani Medical Terminology” and “Classification
of Unani Drugs” were consulted, respectively.
RESULTS: The findings of the literature survey revealed that Unani physicians have advocated the
personalized and predictive approaches for maintaining health and preventing diseases. Personalized
approach mainly centers on the temperament of an individual. By determining an individual’s
temperament, Unani physician can tell what is adequate or not adequate for the individual. While in
the predictive approach, correct knowledge of prodromal symptoms is a prerequisite to predict the
future developments in the human body and recommending the appropriate preventive measures
CONCLUSION: These approaches present interesting perspectives in the field of promotive and
preventive care and are of much relevance in the present scenario. Unfortunately, the lack of efficacy
studies is a limiting factor in their application. Hence, effective protocol must be developed to provide
evidence‑based data and to give grounds for their widespread usage.


1. Saad B, Said O. Greco‑Arab and Islamic Herbal Medicine. New
Jersey: John Wiley & Sons; 2011. p. 1‑16. Available from: https:// us/Greco+Arab+and+Islamic+Herbal+M
+Efficacy%2C+and+Regulatory+Issues‑p‑9781118002261. [Last
accessed on 2019 Jul 20].
2. Sina I. Al‑Qānūn Fi’l Ṭibb (the Canon of Medicine). Vol. 1.
New Delhi: Idāra Kitābush Shifā; 2010. p. 13‑4, 89‑203.
3. Shah MH. The General Principles of Avicenna’s Canon of
Medicine. New Delhi: Idara Kitabush Shifa; 2007. p. 17, 141, 154,
279‑98, 300‑55.
4. Kabīruddin M. Tarjama‑o‑Sharḥ Kulliyyāt‑i‑Qānūn. New Delhi:
Idāra Kitābush Shifā; 2015. p. 20‑25, 100‑24, 137‑222, 238‑9.
5. Government of India. Unani System of Medicine‑The Science
of Health and Healing. New Delhi: Department of AYUSH,
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; 2013. p. 33‑7. Available
/Dossier_1325.pdf. [Last accessed on 2019 Jul 25].
6. Ṭabarī R. Firdaus‑al‑hikmat (Paradise of Wisdom). New Delhi:
Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine; 2010. p. 99‑118,
426‑39, 449‑56.
7. Rāzī Z. Kitāb al‑Mansoori. New Delhi: Central Council for
Research in Unani Medicine; 1991. p. 151‑85.
8. Rushd I. Kitab‑al‑kulliyat. New Delhi: Central Council for
Research in Unani Medicine; 1987. p. 30‑4, 342‑70.
9. Baghdādī HI. Kitāb al‑Mukhtārāt Fi’l Ṭibb. Vol. 1. New Delhi:
Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine; 2005. p. 21,
108‑24, 143‑6, 189‑203, 251‑65.
10. Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine in collaboration
with the World Health Organization Country Office for India.
Standard Unani Medical Terminology. New Delhi: Central
Council for Research in Unani Medicine; 2012. p. 6, 8, 9, 16, 30,
141, 147, 149, 154.
11. JurjānīI . Dhakhīra Khawārizm Shāhī. 3rd ed. New Delhi: Idāra
Kitābush Shifā; 2010. p. 26‑200.
12. Jamal MA, Itrat M, Khan AJ, Siddiqui MA. Role of Unani medicine
in promoting child health. Int Pharm Sci 2013;3:9‑16.
13. Qarshi A. Mūjaz al‑Qānūn. New Delhi: Qaumi Council Barae
Farogh Urdu Zaban; 1998. p. 385‑8.
14. Khan A, Itrat M. Antenatal care (Tadabeer‑e‑Haamla) in Unani
medicine. Res Rev 2015;2:1‑5.
15. Qarshī ḤM. Jāmi‘ al‑Ḥikma. New Delhi: Ida¯ra Kita¯bush Shifa¯;
2011. p. 1134‑8.
16. Rashid B, Khan RM, Itrat M. Dimensions of geriatric care in Unani
medicine: A review. J Ayush 2017;6:6‑11.
17. Zuhr I. Kitāb al‑Taysīr. New Delhi: Central council for Research
in Unani Medicine; 1986. p. 13‑18,243‑44.
18. Rāzī Z. Kitāb al‑Murshid. New Delhi: Taraqqī Urdu Beoro; 2000.
p. 34‑56.
19. Zuhr I. Kitābal‑Aghdhiya. New Delhi: Central Council for
Research in Unani Medicine; 2009. p. 128‑31, 145‑8.
20. Itrat M, Zulkifle M. A temperamental approach in promotion of
health. Med J Islamic World Acad Sci 2014;22:102‑6.
21. Park K. Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine. 24th ed.
Jabalpur: Banarsidas Bhanot Publications; 2017. p. 45‑9.
22. Arzānī A. Mufarriḥ al‑Qulūb. New Delhi: Central Council for
Research in Unani Medicine; 2010. p. 91‑5, 656‑62.
23. Majūsī IA. Kāmil al‑Ṣanā‘a al‑Ṭibbiyya (the Complete Art of
Medicine). New Delhi: Idāra Kitābush Shifā‘; 2010. p. 78‑80.
24. Zarnigar, Itrat M. Evaluation of a Unani polyhedral formulation
(Tiryaqe wabai) as an immunostimulator in elderly persons. Anc
Sci Life 2013;33:117‑20.
25. Zarnigar, Rashid B. Evaluating the role of Majoon falasfa (herbal
formulation) in health promotion of elderly: A randomized
single‑blind placebo controlled study. Am J Pharm Health Res